Monday, June 26, 2017
   
Text Size
Login

Journal of Information and Communication Technology (JICT) Vol. 8, 2009

DYSLEXIC CHILDREN’S READING PATTERN AS INPUT FOR ASR: DATA, ANALYSIS, AND PRONUNCIATION MODEL
Husniza Husni and Zulikha Jamaludin
College of Arts and Sciences
Universiti Utara Malaysia
husniza@uum.edu.my
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
To realize an automatic speech recognition (ASR) model that is able to recognize the Bahasa Melayu reading difficulties of dyslexic children, the language corpora has to be generated beforehand. For this purpose, data collection is performed in two public schools involving ten dyslexic children aged between seven to fourteen years old. A total of 114 Bahasa Melayu words, representing 23 consonant-vowel patterns in the spelling system of the language, served as the stimuli. The patterns range from simple to somewhat complex formations of consonant-vowel pairs in words listed in a level one primary school syllabus. An analysis was performed aimed at identifying the most frequent errors made by these dyslexic children when reading aloud, and describing the emerging reading pattern of dyslexic children in general. This paper hence provides an overview of the entire process from data collection to analysis to modeling the pronunciations of words which will serve as the active lexicon for the ASR model. This paper also highlights the challenges of data collection involving dyslexic children when they are reading aloud, and other factors that contribute to the complex nature of the data collected.
 
Keywords: Automatic speech recognition, Pronunciation modeling, Reading pattern, Dyslexia, Children.
 

 
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT INITIATIVES, INNOVATION AND GLC PERFORMANCE
Badruddin A. Rahman and Mohd Noor Mohd Shariff
College of Business
Universiti Utara Malaysia
badruddin@uum.edu.my
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
A model of knowledge management initiatives, innovation and performance evaluation was developed and tested on listed Malaysian Government-Linked companies (GLC). Data collected from 273 employees representing the three different levels of management were subjected to structural equation modeling analysis. The proposed model fits the data well. Results indicate that employees perceived knowledge management initiatives as important antecedents of innovation in the GLC, and innovation in return resulted in better organizational performance.
 
Keywords: Knowledge management initiatives, Innovation and performance, GLC.
 

 
THE CONTRIBUTION OF TEAMWORK, THINKING STYLES, AND INNOVATION TOWARDS KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT
Malini Ratnasingam
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Universiti Malaya
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
Knowledge management can be enhanced by creating conditions that facilitate knowledge creation, thus the concepts of teamwork, thinking styles, and innovation are central to the effective utilization of knowledge. This paper presents the results of a survey of 156 civil servants at Putrajaya, investigating relationships between teamwork and thinking styles with technology diffusion and innovation and organisational innovation. The results indicated that team quality and external thinking style made the greatest contribution toward technology diffusion and innovation.
 
Keywords: Innovation, Teamwork, Thinking styles, Knowledge management
 

 
A PERFORMANCE STUDY OF ROUTING PROTOCOLS FOR MOBILE GRID ENVIRONMENT
Azizol Abdullah, Norlida Ramly, Abdullah Muhammed and Mohd Noor Derahman
Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
Universiti Putra Malaysia
azizol@fsktm.upm.edu.my
abdullah@fsktm.upm.edu.my
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
Integration of mobile wireless consumer devices into the Grid initially seems unlikely due to limitation such as CPU performance, small secondary storage, heightened battery consumptionsensitivity and unreliable low-bandwidth communication. The current grid architecture and algorithm also do not take into account the mobile computing environment since mobile devices have not been seriously considered as valid computing resources or interfaces in grid communities. This paper presents the results of simulation done in identifying a suitable ad hoc routing protocol that can be used for the target grid application in mobile environment. The simulation comparing three ad hoc routing protocols named DSDV, DSR and AODV.
 
Keywords: Mobile computing, Grid, Routing protocols, NS-2
 

 
SEMANTICS REPRESENTATION IN A SENTENCE WITH CONCEPT RELATIONAL MODEL (CRM)
Rusli Abdullah, Mohd Hasan Selamat, Hamidah Ibrahim, Ungku Azmi Ungku Chulan and Nurul Amelina Nasharuddin
Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
Universiti Putra Malaysia
rusli@fsktm.upm.edu.my
hasan@fsktm.upm.edu.my
hamidah@fsktm.upm.edu.my
uauc06@yahoo.com
nurulamelina@gmail.com
 
Jamaliah Abdul Hamid
Faculty of Educational Studies
Universiti Putra Malaysia
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
The current way of representing semantics or meaning in a sentence is by using the conceptual graphs. Conceptual graphs defi ne concepts and conceptual relations loosely. This causes ambiguity because a word can be classified as a concept or relation. Ambiguity disrupts the process of recognizing graphs similarity, rendering difficulty to multiple graphs interaction. Relational flow is also altered in conceptual graphs when additional linguistic information is input. Inconsistency of relational flow is caused by the bipartite structure of conceptual graphs that only allows the representation of connection between concept and relations but never between relations per se. To overcome the problem of ambiguity, the concept relational model (CRM) described in this article strictly organizes word classes into three main categories; concept, relation and attribute. To do so, CRM begins by tagging the words in text and proceeds by classifying them according to a predefined mapping. In addition, CRM maintains the consistency of the relational flow by allowing connection between multiple relations as well. CRM then uses a set of canonical graphs to be worked on these newly classified components for the representation of semantics. The overall result is better.
 
Keywords: Conceptual graph, Concept relational model, Language models, Semantic network, Semantic representation, Natural language processing.
 

 
BUILDING DISTRIBUTED HETEROGENEOUS SMART PHONE JAVA APPLICATIONS AN EVALUATION FROM A DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE
Ali Kattan, Rosni Abdullah, Rosalina Abdul Salam and
Sureswaran Ramedas
School of Computer Science
Universiti Sains Malaysia
kattan@cs.usm.my,
rosni@cs.usm.my,
rosalina@cs.usm.my
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
The advances in mobile phone technology have enabled such devices to be programmed to run general-purpose applications using a special edition of the Java programming language. Java is designed to be a heterogeneous programming language targeting different platforms. Such ability when coupled with the provision of high-speed mobile Internet access would open the door for a new breed of distributed mobile applications. This paper explores the capabilities and limitations of this technology and addresses the considerations that must be taken when designing and developing such distributed applications. Our findings are verified by building a test client-server system where the clients in this system are mobile phones behaving as active processing elements not just mere service requesters.
 
Keywords: Smart phone, Java ME, MIDlet, Distributed applications, Client server.
 

 
KNOWLEDGE SHARING CAPABILITY, ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY, AND INNOVATION CAPABILITY: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF INDONESIA’S INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY
Luciana Andrawina and Rajesri Govindaraju
Industrial Engineering,
Bandung Institute of Technology
luciana_andrawina@yahoo.com,
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
This research investigates the relationships between knowledge sharing capability, absorptive capacity, and innovation capability. This research proposed and tested three hypotheses. The data was collected by conducting a survey on 114 companies of Indonesia’s information and communication technology industry, including a telecommunication service provider, a support service provider, network vendors, and consumer devices vendors. This study finds that absorptive capacity is the intervening factor between knowledge sharing capability and innovation capability. It also shows that potential absorptive capacity has a positive influence on realized absorptive capacity, and realized absorptive capacity has a positive influence on product and process innovation capability.
 
Keywords: Knowledge sharing capability, Absorptive capacity, Innovation capability
 

 
AN ORDINAL FACTOR ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS AND CHALLENGES OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM TO TRAIN PRIVATE AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE BROKERS IN IRAN
Maryam Omidi Najafabadi, Seyed Jamal Farajollah Hosseini and Seyed
Mehdi Mirdamadi
Science and Research Branch Islamic
Azad University, Tehran, Iran
 
ABSTRACT FULL TEXT
This study was conducted to identify challenges and requirements of an information and communication technology (ICT) system to train brokers. Using the ordinal factor analysis, the challenges and requirements have been classified into six factors (Human, Organisational, Technical, Social, Financial, and Legal) and four factors (instructional, technical, organisational, and cultural) respectively. Finally a conceptual framework is presented for the challenges and requirements of the ICT training system.
 
Keywords: Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Brokers; Training, Agricultural insurance, Challenges, Requirements, Framework.

Universiti Utara Malaysia Press
 Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 UUM Sintok
Kedah Darul Aman, MALAYSIA
Phone: +604-928 4816, Fax : +604-928 4792

All Right Reserved. Copyright © 2010, Universiti Utara Malaysia Press